WSUS 3.0 SP2 インデックスの再構成

WSUSがおかしくなってしまったので、再インストールを行ったところ、管理コンソールで時間がかかる処理を行うと接続エラーになるようになってしまった・・・

で、調べたところ、DBのインデックスの再構成を行えばいいとわかったのでメモ

Windows Internal Databaseを使用している場合は、SQL Server Management Studio ExpressをインストールしてSQL Server Management Studioから対象のDBを開く

サーバーの種類 : データベース エンジン
サーバー名 : \\.\pipe\mssql$microsoft##ssee\sql\query
認証 : Windows 認証

SUSDBから新しいクエリを開き、以下のスクリプトを実行する

↓↓ここから↓↓

/******************************************************************************
This sample T-SQL script performs basic maintenance tasks on SUSDB
1. Identifies indexes that are fragmented and defragments them. For certain
tables, a fill-factor is set in order to improve insert performance.
Based on MSDN sample at http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188917.aspx
and tailored for SUSDB requirements
2. Updates potentially out-of-date table statistics.
******************************************************************************/

USE SUSDB;
GO
SET NOCOUNT ON;

— Rebuild or reorganize indexes based on their fragmentation levels
DECLARE @work_to_do TABLE (
objectid int
, indexid int
, pagedensity float
, fragmentation float
, numrows int
)

DECLARE @objectid int;
DECLARE @indexid int;
DECLARE @schemaname nvarchar(130);
DECLARE @objectname nvarchar(130);
DECLARE @indexname nvarchar(130);
DECLARE @numrows int
DECLARE @density float;
DECLARE @fragmentation float;
DECLARE @command nvarchar(4000);
DECLARE @fillfactorset bit
DECLARE @numpages int

— Select indexes that need to be defragmented based on the following
— * Page density is low
— * External fragmentation is high in relation to index size
PRINT ‘Estimating fragmentation: Begin. ‘ + convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121)
INSERT @work_to_do
SELECT
f.object_id
, index_id
, avg_page_space_used_in_percent
, avg_fragmentation_in_percent
, record_count
FROM
sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (DB_ID(), NULL, NULL , NULL, ‘SAMPLED’) AS f
WHERE
(f.avg_page_space_used_in_percent < 85.0 and f.avg_page_space_used_in_percent/100.0 * page_count < page_count - 1) or (f.page_count > 50 and f.avg_fragmentation_in_percent > 15.0)
or (f.page_count > 10 and f.avg_fragmentation_in_percent > 80.0)

PRINT ‘Number of indexes to rebuild: ‘ + cast(@@ROWCOUNT as nvarchar(20))

PRINT ‘Estimating fragmentation: End. ‘ + convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121)

SELECT @numpages = sum(ps.used_page_count)
FROM
@work_to_do AS fi
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON fi.objectid = i.object_id and fi.indexid = i.index_id
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_partition_stats AS ps on i.object_id = ps.object_id and i.index_id = ps.index_id

— Declare the cursor for the list of indexes to be processed.
DECLARE curIndexes CURSOR FOR SELECT * FROM @work_to_do

— Open the cursor.
OPEN curIndexes

— Loop through the indexes
WHILE (1=1)
BEGIN
FETCH NEXT FROM curIndexes
INTO @objectid, @indexid, @density, @fragmentation, @numrows;
IF @@FETCH_STATUS < 0 BREAK; SELECT @objectname = QUOTENAME(o.name) , @schemaname = QUOTENAME(s.name) FROM sys.objects AS o INNER JOIN sys.schemas as s ON s.schema_id = o.schema_id WHERE o.object_id = @objectid; SELECT @indexname = QUOTENAME(name) , @fillfactorset = CASE fill_factor WHEN 0 THEN 0 ELSE 1 END FROM sys.indexes WHERE object_id = @objectid AND index_id = @indexid; IF ((@density BETWEEN 75.0 AND 85.0) AND @fillfactorset = 1) OR (@fragmentation < 30.0) SET @command = N'ALTER INDEX ' + @indexname + N' ON ' + @schemaname + N'.' + @objectname + N' REORGANIZE'; ELSE IF @numrows >= 5000 AND @fillfactorset = 0
SET @command = N’ALTER INDEX ‘ + @indexname + N’ ON ‘ + @schemaname + N’.’ + @objectname + N’ REBUILD WITH (FILLFACTOR = 90)’;
ELSE
SET @command = N’ALTER INDEX ‘ + @indexname + N’ ON ‘ + @schemaname + N’.’ + @objectname + N’ REBUILD’;
PRINT convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121) + N’ Executing: ‘ + @command;
EXEC (@command);
PRINT convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121) + N’ Done.’;
END

— Close and deallocate the cursor.
CLOSE curIndexes;
DEALLOCATE curIndexes;

IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM @work_to_do)
BEGIN
PRINT ‘Estimated number of pages in fragmented indexes: ‘ + cast(@numpages as nvarchar(20))
SELECT @numpages = @numpages – sum(ps.used_page_count)
FROM
@work_to_do AS fi
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON fi.objectid = i.object_id and fi.indexid = i.index_id
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_partition_stats AS ps on i.object_id = ps.object_id and i.index_id = ps.index_id

PRINT ‘Estimated number of pages freed: ‘ + cast(@numpages as nvarchar(20))
END
GO

–Update all statistics
PRINT ‘Updating all statistics.’ + convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121)
EXEC sp_updatestats
PRINT ‘Done updating statistics.’ + convert(nvarchar, getdate(), 121)
GO

↑↑ここまで↑↑

これを月次で行うのが推奨らしい・・・
このスクリプトを保存しておくと、次からそれを実行するだけなので便利!!

SQL Server だとスケジュールできるので、スケジュールを入れちゃったほうが楽かな

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